Media and Information Literacy


The increase and incessant trends in the development of information and communication technology (ICT) is defining the nature, pattern, flow, use, and management of information and communication.The competition in the message creation and sourcing as a result of ICT tools has brought about fake news, rumours, misinformation, disinformation, information overload, and propaganda. The term sometimes referred to as citizen journalism has given media roles to every individual whereby information and news are originated, packaged, distributed, and discussed without passing through the media ethical and professional gauge.  As a result, the National Open University of Nigeria ( NOUN) in collaboration with the UNESCO  has designed this 6-week course to equip the participants on Media and Information Literacy (MIL).

LEARNING OUTCOMES                

This 6-week course is designed to provide participants with the necessary competencies needed to become critical thinkers and active participants in society. The course is composed of six modules each contributing to a comprehensive overview and understanding of the concept of Media and Information Literacy.

In this course, participants will explore the definition, characteristics and critical approaches pertaining to MIL.  They will also explore different types of mass media; such as, books, internet, magazines, among others. The course will also provide participants with the opportunity to develop a wide understanding of the role that media literacy plays in our lives, while allowing the participants to build necessary lexicons for better understanding of the concept of MIL and giving them the tools required to approaching media content in a critical way.      


The MOOC on Media and Information Literacy is designed to meet the needs of the present generation of learners whom the 21st century advancement in information technology have compelled to vicariously and voraciously use the social media, other social media tools and other ICTs tools often.

It will equally benefit an ODL learner who desires to acquire specific skills for communication and effective use of media channels.

The course is equally relevant to teachers who have been considered as principal agents of change.


Week 1

Learners will study and understand among others: the concept of Information Literacy as the ability to access, analyse and create media; why it is a prerequisite for citizens to realize their rights to freedom of information and expression, as well as the relationship with civic participation. They will gain insight into what it means to interact with the media as well as other information providers such as the library, archives and the Internet and finally the teaching and learning of media literacy.

Week 2

Learners will explore why and how journalism, simply the conveying of current information,    is an important part of the democratic decision-making system, as it brings transparency into society. They will also examine the ethical dimensions of the news media dissemination. Specifically, learners will reflect on:

  • Journalism and Society and how each aspect if affected by the other
  • News Reporting and its relationship with the Power of Image
  • What makes News? The meaning and significance of news values in news construction and how  news commercialization affects news judgment, and
  • The place of Public Service Announcements and other Public Information services

Week 3

Learners will appreciate and reflect on the appropriate language use in media and information as a prelude to understanding media literacy. Specific lessons will include:

  • Reading/Listening, Interpreting, and Understanding Media information
  • An insight into the concept of the medium and the message
  • Sponsored and unsponsored media messages and their goals

Week 4

Learners will explore deeper the conceptual issues in traditional and new media with specific reflections on:

  • The nature and characteristics of (1) Traditional media and (2) New media
  • The transition from traditional media to the new media
  • The Internet; its opportunities and challenges
  • Citizen Journalism and the concept of the global village

Week 5

Learners will examine the digital media uses and abuses in the contemporary societies and strive to gain deeper knowledge through:

  • Understanding of digital information literacy
  • Learning environment & Information Literacy
  • Digital media contents: Uses and Abuses
  • Ethical & legal implications of digital manipulation of media contents.